Bhandasura, the Devi Mahatmyam describes the victory of the Goddess over the . the original hymns in Sanskrit, English transliteration as well as translation. The Devi Māhātmyam is one of the foremost texts in the Worship of the This document contains an English translation with the Sanskrit of the four main. You are the embodiment of the threefold matra, the Om sound. ardha-mātrā sthitā nityā yā an-uccaryā a-visesatah, tvam eva sā tvam sāvitri tvam devi-janani.
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THE GLORY OF THE GODDESS devi mahatmyam durga saptasati • candi path THIRUGNANAM foreword 3$ sarva mahgala mahgalye sive sarvartha sadhike. Devi Mahatmyam English prohanlanlika.ga - Ebook download as PDF File .pdf) , Text File .txt) or view presentation slides online. The Devi Mahatmyam Story Being Retold in Brief (in English) - Free download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online for free. The Devi Mahatmyam tells.
Wherefrom did she originate? All that I wish to hear from you, O you supreme among the knowers of Brahman. She is eternal, embodied as the universe.
By her all this is pervaded. Nevertheless she incarnates in manifold ways; hear it from me. When she manifests herself in order to accomplish the purposes of the devas, she is said to be born in the world, though she is eternal. At the end of a kalpa when the universe was one ocean with the waters of the deluge and the adorable Lord Vishnu stretched out on Sesa and took the mystic slumber, tow terrible asuras, the well-known Madhu and Kaitabha, sprung into being from the dirt of Vishnu's ears, sought to slay Brahma; Brahma, the father of beings, was sitting in the lotus that came out from Vishnu's navel.
Seeing these two fierce asuras and Janardhana asleep, and with a view to awakening Hari, Brahma with concentrated mind extolled Yoganidra, dwelling in Hari's eyes. The resplendent Lord Brahma extolled the incomparable Goddess of Vishnu, Yoganidra, the queen of cosmos, the supporter of the worlds, the cause of the sustentation and dissolution alike of the universe.
Brahma said: 'You are Svaha and Svadha. You are verily the Vasatkara and embodiment of Svara. You are the nectar. O eternal and imperishable One, you are the embodiment of the threefold mantra. You are half a matra, though eternal. You are verily that which cannot be uttered specifically. You are Savitri and the supreme Mother of the devas. By you it is protected, O Devi and you always consume it at the end.
O you who are always of the form of the whole world, at the time of creation you are of the form of the creative force, at the time of sustentation you are of the form of the protective power, and at the time of the dissolution of the world, you are of the form of the destructive power. You are the supreme knowledge as well as the great nescience, the great intellect and contemplation, as also the great delusion, the great devi as also the great asuri.
You are the dark night of periodic dissolution.
You are the great night of final dissolution, and the terrible night of delusion. You are the goddess of good fortune, the ruler, modesty, intelligence characterized by knowledge, bashfulness, nourishment, contentment, tranquillity and forbearance. Armed with sword, spear, club, discus, conch , bow, arrows, slings and iron mace, you are terrible and at the same time you are pleasing, yea more pleasing than all the pleasing things and exceedingly beautiful.
You are indeed the supreme Isvari, beyond the high and low. O you who are the soul of everything, how can I extol you more than this? By you, even he who creates, sustains and devours the world, is put to sleep.
Who is here capable of extolling you? Who is capable of praising you, who have made all of us- Vishnu, myself and Shiva- take our embodied forms? O Devi, being lauded thus, bewitch these two unassailable asuras Madhu and Kaitabha with your superior powers. Let Vishnu, the Master of the world, be quickly awakened from sleep and rouse up his nature to slay these two great asuras. There, the Devi of delusion extolled thus by Brahma, the creator, in order to awaken Vishnu for the destruction of Madhu and Kaitabha, drew herself out from His eyes, mouth, nostrils, arms, heart and breast, and appeared in the sight of Brahma of inscrutable birth.
Janardana, Lord of the universe, quitted by her, rose up from His couch on the universal ocean, and saw those two evil asuras , Madhu and Kaitabha, of exceeding heroism and power, with eyes red in anger, endeavoring to devour Brahma.
Thereupon the all-pervading Bhagavan Vishnu got up and fought with the asuras for five thousand years, using his own arms as weapons. And they, frenzied with their exceeding power, and deluded by Mahamaya, exclaimed to Vishnu, ' Ask a boon from us. What need is there of any other boon here? My choice is this much indeed. Those two asuras , thus bewitched by Mahamaya , gazing then at the entire world turned into water, told Bhagavan, the lotus eyed One, 'Slay us at the spot where the earth is not flooded with water.
Saying 'Be it so', Bhagavan Vishnu , the great wielder of conch, discus and mace, took them on His loins and there severed their heads with His discus.
Thus she Mahamaya herself appeared when praised by Brahma. Now listen again the glory of this Devi. I tell you. Here ends the first chapter called 'The slaying of Madhu and Kaitabha' of Devi mahatmya in Markandeya purana, during the period of Savarni, the Manu. CHAPTER 2 : Slaughter of the armies of Mahisasura Meditation of Mahalakshmi I resort to Mahalakshmi, the destroyer of Mahishasura, who is seated on the lotus, is of the complexion of coral and who holds in her eighteen hands rosary, axe, mace, arrow, thunderbolt, lotus, bow, pitcher, rod, sakti, sword, shield, conch, bell, wine-cup, trident, noose and the discus Sudarsana.
The Rishi said: Of yore when Mahishasura was the lord of asuras and Indra the lord of devas, there was a war between the devas and asuras for a full hundred years.
In that the army of the devas was vanquished by the valorous asuras. After conquering all the devas, Mahishasura became the lord of heaven Indra. Then the vanquished devas headed by Brahma, the lord of beings, went to the place where Siva and Vishnu were. The devas described to them in detail, as it had happened, the story of their defeat wrought by Mahishasura.
Thrown out from heaven by that evil-natured Mahisha, the hosts of devas wander on the earth like mortals. All that has been done by the enemy of the devas, has been related to you both, and we have sought shelter under you both. May both of you be pleased to think out the means of his destruction. Having thus heard the words of the devas, Vishnu was angry and also Siva, and their faces became fierce with frowns. The issued forth a great light from the face of Vishnu who was full of intense anger, and from that of Brahma and Siva too.
From the bodies of Indra and other devas also sprang forth a very great light. And all this light united together. The devas saw there a concentration of light like a mountain blazing excessively, pervading all the quarters with its flames.
Then that unique light, produced from the bodies of all the devas, pervading the three worlds with its lustre, combined into one and became a female form. By that which was Siva's light, her face came into being; by Yama's light her hair, by Vishnu's light her arms; and by Chandra's light her two breasts.
By Indra's light her waist, by Varuna's light her shanks and thighs and by earth's light her hips. By Brahma's light her feet came into being; by Surya's light her toes, by Vasus light her fingers, by Kubera's light her nose; by Prajapati's light her teeth came into being and similarly by Agni's light her three eyes were formed.
The light of the two sandhyas became her eye-brows, the light of Vayu her ears; the manifestation of the lights of other devas too contributed to the being of the auspicious Devi. Then looking at her, who had come into being from the assembled lights of all the devas, the immortals who were oppressed by Mahishasura experienced joy.
The bearer of Pinaka Siva drawing forth a trident from his own trident presented it to her; and Vishnu bringing forth a discus out of his own discus gave her.
Varuna gave her a conch, Agni a spear; and Maruta gave a bow as well as two quivers full of arrows. Indra, lord of devas, bringing forth a thunderbolt out of his own thunderbolt and a bell from that of his elephant Airavata, gave her. Yama gave a staff from his own staff of Death and Varuna, the lord of waters, a noose; and Brahma, the lord of beings, gave a string of beads and a water-pot.
Surya bestowed his own rays on al the pores of her skin and Kala Time gave a spotless sword and a shield. The milk-ocean gave a pure necklace, a pair of un-decaying garments, a divine crest-jewel, a pair of ear-rings, bracelets, a brilliant half-moon ornament , armlets on all arms, a pair of shining anklets, a unique necklace and excellent rings on all the fingers.
Visvakarman gave her a very brilliant axe, weapons of various forms and also an impenetrable armour. The ocean gave her a garland of unfading lotuses for her head and another for her breast, besides a very beautiful lotus in her hand.
The mountain Himavat gave her a lion to ride on a various jewels. The lord of wealth Kubera gave her a drinking cup, ever full of wine. Sesa, the lord of all serpents, who supports this earth, gave her a serpent-necklace bedecked with best jewels.
Honoured likewise by other devas also with ornaments and weapons, she the Devi gave out a loud roar with a decrying laugh again and again. By her unending, exceedingly great, terrible roar the entire sky was filled, and there was great reverberation. All worlds shook, the seas trembled. The earth quaked and all the mountains rocked. Seeing the three worlds agitated the foes of devas, mobilized all their armies and rose up together with uplifted weapons.
Mahishasura, exclaiming in wrath, 'Ha! What is this? Then he saw the Devi pervading the three worlds with her lustre. Making the earth bend with her footstep, scraping the sky with her diadem, shaking the nether worlds with the twang of the bowstring, and standing there pervading all the quarters around with her thousand arms. Then began a battle between that Devi and the enemies of the devas, in which the quarters of the sky were illumined by the weapons and arms hurled diversely. Mahishasura's general, a great asura named Ciksura and Camara, attended by forces comprising four parts, and other asuras fought.
A great asura named Udagra with sixty thousand chariots, and Mahahanu with ten millions of chariots gave battle. Asiloman, another great asura, with fifteen millions of chariots , and Baskala with six millions fought in that battle. Privarita with many thousands of elephants and horses, and surrounded by ten millions of chariots, fought in that battle.
An asura named Bidala fought in that battle surrounded with five hundred crores of chariots. And other great asuras, thousands in number, surrounded with chariots, elephants and horses fought with the Devi in that battle. Mahisasura was surrounded in that battle with thousands of crores of horses, elephants and chariots. Others asuras fought in the battle against the Devi with iron maces and javelins, with spears and clubs, with swords, axes and halberds.
Some hurled spears and others nooses. They began to strike her with swords in order to kill her. Showering her own weapons and arms, that Devi Chandika very easily cut into pieces all those weapons and arms. Without any strain on her face, and with gods and sages extolling her, the Isvari threw her weapons and arms at the bodies of the asuras.
And the lion also which carried the Devi, shaking its mane in rage, stalked among the hosts of the asuras like a conflagration amidst the forests. The sighs which Ambika, engaged in the battle, heaved became at once her battalions by hundreds and thousands. Energized by the power of the Devi, these battalions fought with axes, javelins, swords, halberds, and destroyed the asuras.
Of these battalions, some beat drums, some blew conches and others played on tabors in that great martial festival. Then the Devi killed hundreds of asuras with her trident, club, showers of spears, swords and the like, and threw down others who were stupefied by the noise of her bell; and binding others with her noose, she dragged them on the ground.
Some were split into two by the sharp slashes of her sword, and others, smashed by the blows of her mace, lay down on the ground; and some severely hammered by club vomited forth blood. Pierced in the breast by her trident, some fell on the ground. Pierced all over by her arrows and resembling porcupines, some of the enemies of devas gave up their lives on that field of battle. Some had their arms cut off, some, their necks broken the heads of others rolled down; some others were torn asunder in the middle of their trunks, and some great asuras fell on the ground with their legs severed.
Some rendered one-armed, one-eyed, and one-legged were again clove in twain by the Devi. And others, though rendered headless, fell and rose again. Headless trunks fought with the Devi with best weapons in their hands. Some of these headless trunks danced there in the battle to the rhythm of the musical instruments. The trunks of some other great asuras, with their swords, spears and lances still in their hands, shouted at the Devi with their just severed heads, 'Stop, stop'.
That part of earth where the battle was fought became impassable with the asuras, elephants and horses and chariots that had been felled. The profuse blood from the asuras, elephants and horses flowed immediately like large rivers amidst that army of the asuras. As fire consumes a huge heap of straw and wood, so did Ambika destroy that vast army of asuras in no time. And her carrier-lion, thundering aloud with quivering mane, prowled about in the battlefield, appearing to search out the vital breaths from the bodies of the enemies of devas.
In that battlefield the battalions of the Devi fought in such a manner with the asuras that the devas in heaven, showering flowers, extolled them. Here ends the second chapter called 'Slaughter of the armies of Mahishasura' of Devi-mahatmya in Markandeya-purana, during the period of Savarni, the Manu.
Then Ciksura, the great asura general, seeing that army being slain by the Devi , advanced in anger to fight with Ambika. That asura rained showers of arrows on the Devi in the battle, even as a cloud showers rain on the summit of Mount Meru.
Then the Devi, easily cutting asunder the masses of his arrows, killed his horses and their controller with her arrows. Forthwith she split his bow and lofty banner, and with her arrows pierced the body of that asura whose bow had been cut. His bow shattered, his chariot broken, his horses killed and his charioteer slain, the asura armed with sword and shield rushed at the Devi. Swiftly he smote the lion on the head with his sharp-edged sword and struck the Devi also on her left arm.
O king, his sword broke into pieces as it touched her arm. Thereon his eyes turning red with anger, he grasped his pike. Then the great asura flung at Bhandrakali the pike, blazing with lustre, as if he was hurling the very sun from the skies. Seeing that pike coming upon her, the Devi hurled her pike that shattered his pike into a hundred fragments and the great asura himself.
Mahisasura's very valiant general having been killed, Camara, the afflicter of devas, mounted on an elephant, advanced. He also hurled his spear at the Devi. Ambika quickly assailed it with a whoop, made it lustreless and fall to the ground. Seeing his spear broken and fallen, Camara, full of rage, flung a pike, and she split that also with her arrows. Then the lion, leaping up and seating itself at the centre of the elephant's forehead, engaged itself in a hand to hand fight with that foe of the devas.
Fighting, the two then came down to the earth from the back of the elephant, and fought very impetuously, dealing the most terrible blows at each other. Then the lion, springing up quickly to the sky, and descending, severed Camara's head with a blow from its paw. And Udagra was killed in the battle by the Devi with stones, trees and the like, and Karala also stricken down by her teeth and fists and slaps. Enraged, the Devi ground Uddhata to powder with the blows of her club, and killed Baskala with a dart and destroyed Tamra and Andhaka with arrows.
With her sword she struck down Bidala's head from his body, and dispatched both Durdhara and Durmudha to the abode of Death with her arrows. As his army was thus being destroyed, Mahishasura terrified the troops of the Devi with his own buffalo form.
Some he laid low by a blow of his muzzle, some by stamping with his hooves, some by the lashes of his tail, and others by the pokes of his horns. Some he laid low on the face of the earth by his impetuous speed, some by his bellowing and wheeling movement, and others by the blast of his breath.
Having laid low her army, Mahishasura rushed to slay the lion of the Mahadevi. This enraged Ambika. Mahishasura, great in valour, pounded the surface of the earth with his hooves in rage, tossed up the high mountains with his horns, and bellowed terribly.
Crushed by the velocity of his wheeling, the earth disintegrated, and lashed by his tail, the sea overflowed all around. Pierced by his swaying horns, the clouds went into fragments. Cast up by the blast of his breath, mountains fell down from the sky in hundreds.
Seeing the great asura swollen with rage and advancing towards her, Chandika displayed her wrath in order to slay him. She flung her noose over him and bound the great asura.
Thus bound in the great battle, he quitted his buffalo form. Then he became a lion suddenly. While Ambika cut off the head of his lion form , he took the appearance of a man with sword in hand. Immediately then the Devi with her arrows chopped off the man together with his sword and shield. Then he became a big elephant. The elephant tugged at her great lion with his trunk and roared loudly, but as he was dragging, the Devi cut off his trunk with her sword.
The great asura then resumed his buffalo shape and shook the three worlds with their movable and immovable objects. Enraged threat, Chandika, the Mother of the worlds, quaffed a divine drink again and again, and laughed, her eyes becoming red. And she with showers of arrows pulverized those mountains hurled at her, and spoke to him in flurried words, the colour of her face accentuated with the intoxication of the divine drink.
The Devi said: When you sill be slain by me, the devas will soon roar in this very place. Having exclaimed thus, she jumped and landed herself on that great asura, pressed him on the neck with her foot and struck him with her spear.
And thereupon, caught up under her foot. Mahishasura half issued forth in his real form from his own buffalo mouth, being completely overcome by the valour of the Devi. Fighting thus with his half-revealed form, the great asura was laid by the Devi who struck off his head with her great sword. Then, crying in consternation, the whole asura army perished; and all the hosts of deva were in exultation.
With the great sages of heaven, the devas praised the Devi. The Gandharva chiefs sang and the bevies of apsaras danced. Here ends the third chapter called 'The Slaying of Mahishasura' of Devi-mahatmya in Markandeya-purana during the period of Savarni, the Manu. When that most valiant but evil-natured Mahishasura and the army of that foe of the devas were destroyed by the Devi, Indra and the hosts of devas uttered their words of praise, their necks and shoulders reverently bent, and bodies rendered beautiful with horripilation and exultation.
May she grant us auspicious things! May you protect the universe! Though you are possessed of the three gunas you are not known to have any of their attendant defects like passion! You are incomprehensible even to Vishnu, Shiva and others! You are the resort of all! You are verily the supreme primordial Prakriti untransformed. You are the Svadha which gives satisfaction to the manes. Therefore you are chanted as Svaha and Svadha in Sacrifices by people.
You the supreme knowledge are cultivated by sages desiring liberation, whose senses are well restrained, who are devoted to Reality, and have shed all the blemishes. You are the repository of the very pure Rig-veda and Yajus hymns, and of Samans, the recital of whose words is beautiful sith the Udgitha!
You are Bhagavati embodying the three Vedas. And you are the sustenance whereby life is maintained. You are the supreme destroyer of the pain of al the worlds. You are Durga, the boat that takes men across the difficult ocean of worldly existence, devoid of attachments. You are Shri who has invariably taken her abode in the heart of Vishnu. You are indeed Gauri who has established herself with Shiva. Yet it was very strange that, being swayed by anger, Mahishasura suddenly struck your face when he saw it.
For, who can live after beholding the enraged Destroyer? You are Supreme. If enraged, you forthwith destroy the asura families for the welfare of the world. This was known the very moment when the extensive forces of Mahishasura were brought to their end. Are you not, therefore O Devi, the bestower of reward in all the three worlds? When called to mind by those in happiness, you bestow a mind still further pious. Which goddess but you, O Dispeller of poverty, pain and fear, has an ever sympathetic heart for helping everyone?
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